Energy Availability in Dancers – and lessons for all sports

Here I discuss the findings from our recent study: Indicators and correlates of low energy availability in male and female dancers[1] Key Points Dancers display indicators of low energy availability and are at risk of the adverse consequences of relative energy deficiency in dance There are dance specific psychological correlates associated with low energy availability […]

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RED-S Risk Factors for International-Student Athletes and practical suggestions: Part Two of a first-hand account.

In #PartOne, Pippa Woolven highlighted some of the personal risk factors associated with RED-S in international student athletes. In part two, she details some of the more structural risk factors, and suggestions to try and reduce the risk of athletes suffering from RED-S. Structural Risk Factors Adjusting to a new sports culture  US university sport […]

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RED-S Risk Factors for International-Student Athletes: Part one of a first-hand account.

American University sport scholarships can be a huge draw for British athletes. World class facilities, free (or heavily subsidised) education, and the promise of an enriching experience offer a once-in a lifetime opportunity for many. Yet with oceans and borders separating them from family, friends and support networks, international student-athletes (ISAs) can face a number […]

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A battle cry for change in the female running world: physicians are listening

Let’s start to discuss how we can reframe women’s running culture from the lens of the medical professional. By Emily Kraus, MD @emilykrausMD It was the day after elite runner Mary Cain bravely shared her riveting story of the unhealthy pressures and emotional abuse she experienced while training under Alberto Salazar at the Nike Oregon […]

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Of Mice and Men (and Women)

By Dr Nicky Keay @nickyKfitness “We need to treat individual women, not statistics” was the concluding sentence of an insightful BMJ Editorial 2019 [1] However, as Caroline Criado Perez points out in her recent, science prizing-winning book, ‘Invisible Women’, in many instances there are no scientific or medical statistics on women [2]. The efficacy of […]

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Changing the way we talk about eating disorders: learning from four-time Obstacle Racing World Champion Amelia Boone

By Daniel Friedman @ddfriedman Last year, Dr Osman Ahmed championed BJSM’s “Patient Voices”, a series for patients and athletes to share their stories with the sport and exercise medicine community. We aim to provide a platform for patients and athletes to feel empowered and tell their story in the way that they want. For our 400th podcast […]

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RED-S research: bones and ballet

  Dr. Nicky Keay @nickyKfitness Suboptimal bone health with associated recurrent stress fractures can be career ending for athletes and dancers. Bone stress injuries, including stress fractures and other complications of suboptimal bone heath such as compression fractures are some of the most clinically significant sequalae of low energy availability described in the Relative Energy […]

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BJSM e-edition: Female athlete health

              Several of the BJSM editorial team attended the excellent 2019 Isokinetic Conference in London this past April. One inspiring session at the conference focused specifically on the latest research in female sport. We heard a call for an increase in the number of published female-specific sports research studies. […]

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Using exercise to improve bone health in athletes with Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport

By Anna Boniface@AnnaBoniface  Low energy availability (LEA) from insufficient energy intake to fuel training demands and daily physiological processes has a negative impact to multiple systems in the body (Mountjoy et al, 2014). Adverse effects to bone health are a consequence of LEA. An athlete presenting with a bony stress injury (BSI) to a health […]

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