Changing the way we talk about eating disorders: learning from four-time Obstacle Racing World Champion Amelia Boone

By Daniel Friedman @ddfriedman Last year, Dr Osman Ahmed championed BJSM’s “Patient Voices”, a series for patients and athletes to share their stories with the sport and exercise medicine community. We aim to provide a platform for patients and athletes to feel empowered and tell their story in the way that they want. For our 400th podcast […]

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RED-S research: bones and ballet

  Dr. Nicky Keay @nickyKfitness Suboptimal bone health with associated recurrent stress fractures can be career ending for athletes and dancers. Bone stress injuries, including stress fractures and other complications of suboptimal bone heath such as compression fractures are some of the most clinically significant sequalae of low energy availability described in the Relative Energy […]

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BJSM e-edition: Female athlete health

              Several of the BJSM editorial team attended the excellent 2019 Isokinetic Conference in London this past April. One inspiring session at the conference focused specifically on the latest research in female sport. We heard a call for an increase in the number of published female-specific sports research studies. […]

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Using exercise to improve bone health in athletes with Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport

By Anna Boniface@AnnaBoniface  Low energy availability (LEA) from insufficient energy intake to fuel training demands and daily physiological processes has a negative impact to multiple systems in the body (Mountjoy et al, 2014). Adverse effects to bone health are a consequence of LEA. An athlete presenting with a bony stress injury (BSI) to a health […]

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Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): recognition and next steps

By Emily Dudgeon Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) is a condition of low energy availability affecting male and female athletes of all levels and ages [1]. It has wide ranging adverse effects on all bodily systems and can seriously compromise long term health and performance [2]. Athletes affected by RED-S have openly spoken about consequences […]

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Athletes! Is food and training the answer? (Part 2)

  Start with Part 1 of this blog here. Physically, when the body is under “stress” levels of cortisol rise. When this is chronic, it prevents the pituitary gland from working effectively, leading to hormonal disturbances that have serious negative consequences.(1-3) The more obsessive and restrictive an athlete becomes, the more the workings of neurotransmitters are […]

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Returning to Sport/Dance restoring Energy Availability in RED-S?

Dr Nicky Keay Although improvements are being made to raise awareness and in effectively managing relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S)[1, 2] what about once an athlete/dancer is “medically cleared” to return to sport/dance? What advice/support is there for athletes/dancers and their coaches/teachers? After discussions with coaches, here are some suggestions on how to achieve return to sport/dance […]

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Surprisingly low levels of Vitamin D in cyclists

Dr Nicky Keay, Sports and Dance Endocrinologist There is growing evidence that for athletes, being replete in vitamin D is important for many key areas of health and performance. For bone health, muscle strength and to support immune function. At the recent International Association of Dance Medicine conference, in addition to presenting on Dance Endocrinology I also […]

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Raising Awareness of RED-S in Male and Female Athletes and Dancers

Dr Nicky Keay @nickyKfitness Health4Performance is a recently developed BASEM open access educational resource This is a world premier: a resource developed for and by athletes/dancers, coaches/teachers, parents/friends and healthcare professionals to raise awareness of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) What? Optimal health is required to attain full athletic potential. Low energy availability (LEA) can compromise […]

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