I read your fascinating article with much interest. Do you think that in simple terms that anticipatory regulation may be an aspect of the decision-making the athlete makes before execution of an action. In the instance of longer duration exercise eg a marathon a decision is made then physiological systems amongst others come into action as you have described. Prior learning and adaptation may be involved as well as genetic and environmental factors. The particular learning aspects include; cognition, perception and affection. The knowledge to be gained from this study could have particular importance to injury prevention in sport, notably when fatigue is an issue. Central fatigue and peripheral fatigue.
School of Psychology