The Subjects of Ectogenesis: Are “Gestatelings” Fetuses, Newborns, or Neither?

By Nick Colgrove Artificial womb technology is not (yet) available for use on human subjects. It may become available in the near future, however. Should artificial womb technology be made available for use on human subjects, one might wonder: What is the nature of the subjects inside of artificial wombs? Are they fetuses, newborns, or […]

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Puberty-blocking drugs: the difficulties of conducting ethical research

The ethics of research trials for young people with gender dysphoria are complicated.Billion Photos/Shutterstock Dominic Wilkinson, University of Oxford and Julian Savulescu, University of Oxford A recent Newsnight programme reported that a major UK puberty-blocking trial is under investigation. Doctors at a London clinic provided drugs to block the development of puberty in young adolescents […]

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England’s Opt-Out Policy Consultation – Excluded Organs and Tissues

By Nicola Williams, Laura O’Donovan and Stephen Wilkinson England is about to follow Wales by moving to an ‘opt-out’ system for deceased organ donation. Under such policies individuals are presumed willing to become organ donors after their death unless they have explicitly refused. The new system, also known as ‘deemed’ or ‘presumed’ consent, is expected […]

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The bitter end: Which question matters most in disputes about treatment

By Dominic Wilkinson @Neonatalethics and Julian Savulescu @Juliansavulescu This week, doctors in France are reported to be withdrawing life-prolonging treatment from Vincent Lambert, a 42 year old French psychiatric nurse, who has been at the centre of a long-running legal battle over his medical treatment. Lambert was seriously injured in a motorcycle accident in 2008, […]

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Responsibility Over Time and Across Agents

By Rebecca Brown and Julian Savulescu. There is a rich literature on the philosophy of responsibility: how agents come to be responsible for certain actions or consequences; what conditions excuse people from responsibility; who counts as an ‘apt candidate’ for responsibility; how responsibility links to blameworthiness; what follows from deciding that someone is blameworthy. These […]

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Physicians as public servants: why physicians have no business discussing religion with patients

By Jake Greenblum & Ryan Hubbard. It is generally agreed that healthy liberal democracies have a robust separation between church and state. However, controversy arises when interpreting the appropriate place of religion in the public sphere, including the proper role of religion in medicine. Just consider the current political debate in the US on medical […]

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The Truth Behind Conscientious Objection in Medicine

By Nir Ben-Moshe. Conscientious objection in medicine has become a topic of heated debate in recent years, but answers to the question of what justifies such objections in medicine have proven to be elusive. According to the two primary justifications found in the literature, conscientious objection in medicine is justified either out of respect for […]

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