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Eyeglass injuries

18 May, 15 | by Bridie Scott-Parker

I had a delightful experience a couple of years ago, during which a young man (he looked all of 13 years old, but he did have a degree hanging on his office wall…….) told me that “now I have reached THAT age I need to wear glasses”. I don’t think he picked up on my death-glare, and thank goodness I don’t have lasers for eyes or he would have disappeared in a flash! FYI I will never reach THAT age, and I wanted to ring his mother and tell her that her son was very rude indeed! I had worn glasses for many years while working on my computer, but the unbearable headache meant that I would cave and wear a different set of glasses (yay, two prescriptions) all of the time. My teens both wear glasses all the time as they have done so for most of their lives, and, like them, they think it means that I am now blind without them. I catch them out doing all sorts of shenanigans when my glasses are off and they think they are safe: to their disappointment I have explained that I can see perfectly well without my glasses, I just have a horribly persistent headache if I don’t wear them all the time. The good news is that they do cover the bags under my eyes, so it’s not all bad : )

So, that is a long-winded background to an interesting review article I came across the other day, and it struck a chord with me as a glasses-wearer. Hoskin, Philip, Dain and Mackey conducted a review of the ocular trauma associated with wearing glasses, identifying a range of risk factors such as playing sports whilst wearing glasses. Their article published this month in the Clinical and Experimental Optometry Journal was an interesting read for me, particularly as I have found my glasses have protected me from injury.

Some background is probably needed here also…. I am known as an injury-prone person, and my eyes have proven just as vulnerable as the rest of my body. For example, I remember many a tumble on the trampoline as a child, and me crying inwardly (I had to show off in front of my brothers) that my knee always managed to find – and smash –  my eye socket. Fast forward to the days of endless-nappy-washing, and I am yet to meet another person who had a gum leaf slice the surface of their eye open while they were pegging the washing on the clothesline. Eye drops, impersonating a pirate for a couple of days, and a great excuse for not pegging out the washing any time soon. I am also pretty sure that eye-slashing gum leaves are not in any tourist brochures! My glasses have been protective, as they may have been that gusty day, such as preventing my whippet from giving me a black eye with the top of his head as he galloped around our acreage (I did end up with a glasses-shaped bruise around my eye and on my nose, however), and many a branch has scraped against the outside of the lens (better there than in my eye!). I have also had to scrape paint off their outer edge, suggesting I am not very talented with a roller. Having said that, I did have to be treated for an eye infection earlier this year after the sprinkler on our recycled water hose burst, sending a shower of recycled water (code: yucky water from our dishwasher, showers, and sinks) all over me, including the inside surface of my glasses and INSIDE my eye. Short of wearing goggles, though, I don’t think glasses would have helped prevent this latest injury.

Can anyone beat my gum-leaf eye injury?

 

 

Are cost of injury studies cost-effective?

13 May, 15 | by Barry Pless

This appeared in my email so I am sharing it with blog readers but I do have a comment to add. I cannot help but wonder why we still think that publicizing cost of injury studies, or, indeed doing them, is likely to help prevent injuries in the long run. All injury prevention professionals are well aware of how much could be saved even if we only applied what we already know. It is even likely, almost certain, that most policy makers including those directly involved in health care at each local, state or provincial, and federal level, also know that injuries are extremely costly and that their prevention is a good investment. Yet, every since such studies have been popular, I see little substantial change in the resources policy makers are providing for prevention. So, I have to wonder. Perhaps some readers will see things differently. I especially invite the leading experts listed below to respond to this question.  Or, perhaps even more germane, perhaps someone from the Economic Club of Canada, will share their reactions on this blog and tell us, what specifically, they intend to do in response to what they have learned. 

“Parachute is revealing a new report The Cost of Injury In Canada at the Economic Club of Canada on June 3, 2015. Through the perspectives of leading experts — including Louis Thériault, Vice-President, Public Policy for the Conference Board of Canada, Dr. Louis Francescutti, immediate past President, Canadian Medical Association, and Dr. Ian Pike, Director of BC Research and Prevention Unit — this discussion panel will explore the societal burdens and cost pressures of preventable injuries. The panel will be moderated by Louise Logan, Parachute President & CEO. Leading Canadian franchise expert and lawyer, Ned Levitt, joins the panel to inform and inspire all with his daughter Stacey’s story, who died suddenly at age 18.”

Another colleague honoured: Gary Slutkin, Illinois Order of Lincoln

21 Apr, 15 | by Barry Pless

I found this posted somewhere online and wanted to share the good news with our readers.

“Gary Slutkin, M.D., Founder & Executive Director of Cure Violence, will be honored for his work as 2015 Recipient of the Illinois Order of Lincoln, the state’s highest honor for professional achievement and public service. The Order of Lincoln will be presented at the 51st Convocation of the Lincoln Academy of Illinois in the chambers of the Illinois House of Representatives in Springfield on Saturday, May 9, 2015. A gala reception and dinner in honor of the 2015 recipients will be held at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum in Springfield.

“This year’s recipients of the Order of Lincoln have helped make Illinois and the world a better place,” Governor Rauner said. “The work they have accomplished is admirable, and it is our privilege to honor them. Mr. Lincoln would be proud.”

 

Bridie Scott-Parker promoted

15 Apr, 15 | by Barry Pless

Not only has our very own Bridie Scott-Parker received a new title with respect to this blog, but Linkedin informs us that she has also been promoted and is now Leader at Adolescent Risk Research Unit (ARRU. I believe this is part of the Transportation Research Board but if I am mistaken I trust she will post a correction. Either way, congratulations to Bridie, whose posts to the blog are always worth reading. 

Injury prevention and Indigenous Australians

11 Apr, 15 | by Bridie Scott-Parker

Yesterday I came across a report which estimated the fatal burden of disease and injury for Indigenous Australians. Included were estimates of the magnitude of the fatal burden ‘gap’ between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

The Burden of Disease Study: Fatal burden of disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010 report includes fatal burden calculations in terms of years of life lost (YLL). Noteworthy findings include

Injuries and cardiovascular diseases contributed the most fatal burden for Indigenous Australians (22% and 21% respectively), followed by cancer (17%), infant and congenital conditions (10%), gastrointestinal diseases (6%) and endocrine disorders (which includes diabetes) (5%). These disease groups accounted for 82% of all Indigenous YLL in 2010.

Deaths in infants contributed the most to Indigenous YLL. The fatal burden in Indigenous infants was largely due to infant and congenital conditions, which includes causes such as pre-term birth complications, birth trauma and congenital defects.

‘Injuries were the leading cause of fatal burden among Indigenous persons aged 1- 34, after which cardiovascular diseases and cancer were most prominent,’ said Australian Institute of Health and Welfare spokesperson Dr Fadwa Al-Yaman.

YLL rates for injuries and cardiovascular diseases were almost 3 times as high in the Indigenous population.

Clearly we need to reduce the injury-related burden for all persons, and for indigenous persons in particular. It is important that we use this information to more forward to achieve that outcome – but, just how do we do this? What are the next steps? How do we start the ball rolling, and then maintain its momentum? I would argue that this is the greatest challenge facing injury prevention researchers and practitioners around the world.

World Health Day 2015

7 Apr, 15 | by Bridie Scott-Parker

In case you didn’t know, today, the 7th of April, is World Health Day 2015. As can be read on the World Health Organization website, WHO hopes to highlight

the challenges and opportunities associated with food safety under the slogan “From farm to plate, make food safe.”

“Food production has been industrialized and its trade and distribution have been globalized,” says WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan. “These changes introduce multiple new opportunities for food to become contaminated with harmful bacteria, viruses, parasites, or chemicals.”

Dr Chan adds: “A local food safety problem can rapidly become an international emergency. Investigation of an outbreak of foodborne disease is vastly more complicated when a single plate or package of food contains ingredients from multiple countries.”

My husband experienced first hand the consequences of poor food handling practices, experiencing severe gastrointestinal upset which started showing itself half way through a 16-hour cross-Pacific flight. The extremely unpleasant side-effects lasted for several days, and he will not be eating airport lounge fast-food any time soon!

I myself had a number of blood tests earlier this year after persistent ill health – thankfully I returned negative results, unlike other Australians who similarly had eaten contaminated berries imported from overseas. This latest scare has prompted a call for clearer packaging, and improved safety standards in Australia and overseas.

Our immediate experiences cannot compare with those of individuals who have lost their lives due to foodborne illnesses, however. The WHO has released its preliminary findings regarding the global burden of foodborne diseases, with additional findings expected later this year. I look forward to seeing further results in this important injury prevention domain.

 

 

Drowning in injury prevention

6 Apr, 15 | by Bridie Scott-Parker

Living in the Sunshine State, water safety has always been important to our family. I remember learning how to rescue someone, and how to swim safely out of an ocean rip, as a young child. I grew up in a farming community, and my brothers and I always knew if we went near the dam we would be in for it. I have also seen how resuscitation after drowning may not always the best option.

Given it is school holidays, and given how popular our state is at this time of year, unfortunately we have seen some near misses – thank goodness they reached these struggling swimmers in time. The difference between drowning and surviving can be just seconds.

Children are particularly vulnerable – during the last couple of weeks, a 15-month old drowned in the family pool; a four-year old boy drowned in the neighbour’s pool; a two-year-old boy drowned in the family dam…. figures showed five drownings in pools, seven in dams and two in waterways among children under eight since July 2014.

As an injury prevention researcher I firmly believe in preventing drownings and near-miss drownings is the best course of action we can take, and any research findings which help us take a holistic approach to preventing drownings spark my interest. In November 2014, the World Health Organization released its first Global report on drowning: preventing a leading killer. with the World Conference on Drowning Prevention to be held in Malaysia in November. The April edition of Injury Prevention features a paper by Karimi, Beiki, and Mohammadi, highlighting the increased drowning risk for boys with a foreign background; an article by Tian, Shaw, Zack, Kobau, Dyckstra, and Covington in the the March edition of Epilepsy & Behavior highlighting the increased risk of death due to drowning for children and young adults with epilepsy; and the February edition of PLoS One featuring an article by Wallis, Watt, Franklin, Nixon, and Kimble highlighting the considerable burden of drowning and near-drowning among children aged 0-19 years in Queensland.

Clearly we have much progress to make, and publishing research findings such as these are vital to prevent water-related deaths in persons of all ages.

 

 

 

Special online issue of Injury Prevention

25 Mar, 15 | by Barry Pless

In a recent email, the editor of Injury Prevention, Brian Johnston, announced that in recognition of the Journal’s 20th Anniversary a special online issue was available. This features “some of the best papers in global injury prevention” that ordinarily would have been presented at the Safety 2014: the World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion. Unfortunately, the Conference, scheduled to convene in Atlanta last year, was cancelled for various reasons known only to a few. As Brian notes, despite what some have written about the value of such conferences, these biennial meetings provide an excellent “opportunity for members of our disparate community to meet one another and share ideas, often informally. Apart from Brian’s editorial, the issue includes an assessment by WHO’s injury leader, Etienne Krug of the state of the discipline from a world-wide perspective. Please note that the content of the special issue will only be free to read online through the end of April.

 

To make life simpler for our readers, here is a list of the contents:

 

Editorials

 Safety 2014: global highlights in injury prevention B D Johnston

 Next steps to advance injury and violence prevention EGKrug

Original articles

Costs of traffic injuries M Kruse

Rates of intentionally caused and road crash deaths of US citizens abroad M K Sherry, M Mossallam, M Mulligan, A A Hyder, D Bishai

Bus stops and pedestrian–motor vehicle collisions in Lima, Peru: a matched case–control study
D A Quistberg, T D Koepsell, B D Johnston, L N Boyle, J J Miranda, B E Ebel

The association of graduated driver licensing with miles driven and fatal crash rates per miles driven among adolescents M Zhu, P Cummings, S Zhao, JHCoben,GSSmith

Official blame for drivers with very low blood alcohol content: there is no safe combination of drinking and driving D P Phillips, A L R Sousa, R T Moshfegh

Extending the value of police crash reports for traffic safety research: collecting supplemental data via surveys of drivers D R Durbin, R K Myers, A E Curry, M R Zonfrillo, K B Arbogast

Unintentional drowning mortality, by age and body of water: an analysis of 60 countries C-Y Lin, Y-F Wang, T-H Lu, I Kawach

Children reporting rescuing other children drowning in rural Bangladesh: a descriptive study T S Mecrow, A Rahman, M Linnan, J Scarr, S R Mashreky, A Talab, AKMFRahman

Socioeconomic and disability consequences of injuries in the Sudan: a community-based survey in Khartoum State S E Tayeb, S Abdalla, I Heuch, G V den Bergh

Supervision and risk of unintentional injury in young children P G Schnitzer, M D Dowd, R L Kruse,
B A Morrongiello

Incidence, characteristics and risk factors for household and neighbourhood injury among young children in semiurban Ghana: a population-based household survey A Gyedu, E K Nakua, E Otupiri, C Mock, P Donkor, B Ebel

Risk of fatal unintentional injuries in children by migration status: a nationwide cohort study with 46 years’ follow-up N Karimi, O Beiki, R Mohammadi

Occupational noise exposure and noise-induced hearing loss are associated with work-related injuries leading to admission to hospital S-A Girard, T Leroux, M Courteau, M Picard, F Turcotte, O Richer

Deaths due to injury, including violence among married Nepali women of childbearing age: a qualitative analysis of verbal autopsy narratives K T Houston, P J Surkan, J Katz, K P West Jr, S C LeClerq, P Christian, L Wu, SMDali,SKKhatry

Sexual violence experienced by male and female Chinese college students in Guangzhou C Wang,
X Dong, J Yang, M Ramirez, G Chi, C Peek-Asa, S Wang

Brief reports

The implications of the relative risk for road mortality on road safety programmes in Qatar R J Consunji,
R R Peralta, H Al-Thani, R Latifi

Seatbelt and child-restraint use in Kazakhstan: attitudes and behaviours of medical university students
Z S Nugmanova, G Ussatayeva, L-A McNutt

Are national injury prevention and research efforts matching the distribution of injuries across sectors? H Jaldell, L Ryen, B Sund, R Andersson

Firearms and suicide in US cities M Miller, M Warren, D Hemenway, D Azrael

Methodology

How well do principal diagnosis classifications predict disability 12 months postinjury? B J Gabbe,
P M Simpson, R A Lyons, S Polinder, F P Rivara, S Ameratunga, S Derrett, J Haagsma, J E Harrison

Counting injury deaths: a comparison of two definitions and two countries T-H Lu, A Hsiao, P-C Chang,
Y-C Chao, C-C Hsu, H-C Peng, L-H Chen, I Kawachi

Assessing the accuracy of the International Classification of Diseases codes to identify abusive head trauma:
a feasibility study R P Berger, S Parks, J Fromkin, P Rubin, P J Pecora

Systematic reviews

An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share P Schepers, N Agerholm, E Amoros, R Benington, T Bjørnskau, S Dhondt, B de Geus, C Hagemeister, BPYLoo,ANiska

Inequalities in unintentional injuries between indigenous and non-indigenous children: a systematic review
H Möller, K Falster, R Ivers, L Jorm

 

Participants and researchers: An interesting approach

22 Mar, 15 | by Bridie Scott-Parker

082

Last weekend I had an opportunity to see first-hand an interesting approach for participants and researchers in action. Unfortunately I have a medical condition which means I experience neuropathic pain (this is NOT fun!). Therefore I am always on the look-out for any new research regarding managing (and ideally, minimising) pain. The general consensus seems to be that the experience of pain is indeed very complex, and as such pain management requires a complex approach (for example, see the recent research of Tsay, Allen, Proske, and Giummarra).

In my travels I came across the Living Well with Pain Consumer Symposium. This was the detail I received in the invitation:

Painaustralia invites you to attend Living Well With Pain – a consumer symposium to be held at the Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre. Leading Australian experts on pain management will discuss new knowledge about pain, its links with depression and effective ways of communicating and managing pain with and without medication.

This will be of interest to all people living with pain, their families, carers and many others, including policy makers, healthcare professionals and students. Participants will be invited to contribute to a consumer forum, to discuss ideas for improving pain services, locally and potentially, Australia-wide.

I am used to going to conferences where I present my latest research findings to an audience which generally includes other researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers. Attending the Symposium as a person who experiences pain was a totally different experience for a number of reasons. Firstly, as researchers we often forget that each participant (or in this case, patient) is a real person with a complicated life and complicated experiences despite our best efforts to whittle them down to a finite set of characteristics and behaviours. Second, do we give our participants a voice, or do we just think that we give our participants a voice? Third, do we share our findings with our participants? How can we use what we learn to improve the experiences of our participants sooner rather than later (if at all)?

The Symposium was part of the 2015 Australian Pain Society 35th Annual Scientific Meeting Managing Pain: From Mechanism to Policy” which was held in the same venue. Researchers presenting at the scientific meeting also presented at the Symposium – what a fantastic way to get participants/patients and researchers on the same page!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impact and Innovation: Preventing Injury in a Changing World

16 Mar, 15 | by Bridie Scott-Parker

Regular readers of the Injury Prevention blog are well-aware of my passionate support for conferences: not only do you get to learn about and share cutting-edge research, networking with peers can be invaluable for many, many, reasons, not least of which is sparking new collaborative research and practice efforts. This quick blog is to let you know about an opportunity to participate in a conference here in sunny Australia. I hope to see you ‘down under’!

Abstracts now open – 12th Australasian Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Conference

The Australian Injury Prevention Network (AIPN), and the George Institute for Global Health Australia, are pleased to invite you to be part of the premier injury prevention conference for Austrlaia and the Asia Pacific, the 12th Australasian Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Conference, to be held at The University of Sydney, 25-27 November 2015.

With a theme of “Impact and Innovation: Preventing Injury in a Changing World“, the Conference will be a multi-disciplinary event featuring representatives from all facets of injury prevention including research, teaching, practice and policy, and will cover areas including child and family safety, road and transport safety, falls and ageing, water safety (including drowning), burns prevention, injury in a global perspective, rural and remote injury prevention, sports injury prevention and treatment, workplace safety, injury amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and more.

Visit the conference website for more information and to submit an abstract.

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