RAPID GENE shows utility of bedside genetic testing

The CYP2C19*2 allele is a common genetic variant that has been associated with a significantly increased risk of major cardiovascular events and stent thrombosis following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).  In this study a novel point-of-care genetic test was used to identify carriers of the CYP2C19*2 allele and to tailor a pharmacogenetic appriach to dual antiplatelet […]

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Bedside genetic test identifies non-responders to Clopidogrel

Clopidogrel is an inactive prodrug that requires hepatic bioactivation via several cytochrome P450 enzymes, including CYP2C19. A number of different alleles of CYP2C19 have been identified; depending on the allele present the enzymatic activity of CYP2C19 can be normal, or reduced. […]

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Genetic factors related to early stent thrombosis

Dual anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) reduces cardiovascular events after PCI by more than 80%.  However, stent thrombosis can occur in 0.5% to 4% of patients within the first year following PCI, with the majority occurring in the first month.  Cayla et al. performed a case-control study using a candidate gene approach – looking in particular at […]

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Genetic polymorphisms and response to clopidogrel and risk of cardiovascular events

Across the whole spectrum of acute coronary syndromes and in patients undergoing PCI and stenting, dual anti-platelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is the current recognised standard of care. However, significant variation in response to clopidogrel is observed between patients, with those with lesser degrees of platelet inhibition being at higher risk of adverse cardiovascular […]

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SEARCHing For A Genetic Cause of Statin Myopathy

The incidence of myopathy secondary to statin use is approximately 1 in 10,000 patients/year on standard doses, but increases with higher doses or concurrent prescription of drugs such as cyclosporine that can inhibit statin metabolism.  Identification of genetic factors that influence an individual’s susceptibility to these complications would improve patient management by identifying those who […]

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