What are the determinants of FGM at an individual, family, and community level?

By Zeinab El Dirani, Ubah Ali and Stephen J. McCall The act of damaging or removing female genital organs without a medical reason is known as female genital mutilation (FGM). It is performed by specific ethnicities, mainly in African countries, but also in Yemen, Iraq, Indonesia, and the Maldives.1 Religious, social norms and cultural beliefs […]

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