Experts call for changes to regulation of e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products

Rules over sale, ban on indoor use, advertising restrictions and label warnings should apply, say experts Current regulation of electronic cigarettes and heated tobacco products should change with different arrangements put in place for the two groups of products, suggests research published in BMJ Open. E-cigarettes, known as electronic nicotine delivery systems and heated tobacco products […]

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Likely extra 267,000 infant deaths in 2020 prompted by COVID-19 economic downturn

Figures correspond to nearly 7% more than expected, show World Bank economist estimates An extra 267,000 infants will likely have died in 2020 in low- and middle-income countries as a result of the economic downturn caused by COVID-19, finds a modelling study, published in the online journal BMJ Open. This toll is 7% higher than expected […]

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Middle-age height loss linked to heightened death risk in northern European women

But exercise may help to stave off shrinkage, findings suggest Height loss in middle age is linked to a heightened risk of early death, primarily from heart disease or stroke–at least in Northern European women–suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open. But regular physical activity may help to stave off mid-life shrinkage, as well […]

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Men appear to bully more commonly than women in academic medicine

More than two thirds of perpetrators are men, more than half the victims are women and less than a third of victims report the bullying they have experienced, say researchers A greater proportion of men than women exhibit bullying behaviours during medical training and academic practice, and only a minority of victims report their experiences, […]

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Border controls, restricted entry, traveller quarantine essential for curbing COVID-19 and future pandemics

Comprehensive case finding, repeat testing, and apps for contact tracing and self-isolation also key Border controls, restricted entry, and quarantine for inbound travellers are essential for stopping not just COVID-19, but any future pandemic, in its tracks, finds a review of the available published evidence on early infection control in the online journal BMJ Open. Comprehensive […]

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Number and relative age of siblings is linked to risk of cardiovascular events

First-born children have a lower risk of cardiovascular events, but having lots of siblings is associated with an increased risk First-born children have a lower risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes than brothers and sisters born later, but people who are part of a large family with many siblings have an […]

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Autistic people across Europe have struggled to access COVID-19 services during pandemic

Likely result: rises in associated deaths, ill health, and poor quality of life, warn authors Autistic people across Europe have not only struggled to access standard health and care services during the pandemic, but, crucially, also those for COVID-19, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open. The likely consequences of this widening of existing […]

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Long term use of prescription meds for insomnia not linked to better quality sleep

No difference between those who did and didn’t take these drugs for 1–2 years Long term use of prescription meds for insomnia doesn’t seem to improve disturbed sleep in middle-aged women, suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open. There was no difference in sleep quality or duration between those who did and didn’t take […]

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Preschoolers’ extensive electronic media use linked to emotional/behavioural issues

Associated with hyperactivity, short attention span, poor concentration and friendship issues  Preschoolers’ extensive use of electronic media, including game consoles, mobile phones, and tablets, is linked to a heightened risk of emotional and behavioural problems by the age of 5, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open. This behaviour is associated with hyperactivity, short […]

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Higher coffee intake may be linked to lower prostate cancer risk

Each additional daily cup associated with reduction in risk of nearly 1% Drinking several cups of coffee every day may be linked to a lower risk of developing prostate cancer, suggests a pooled data analysis of the available evidence, published in the online journal BMJ Open. Each additional daily cup of the brew was associated with […]

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