National bans on slapping children linked to less youth violence

In countries with full bans at home and school, rates of physical fighting are 42%-69% lower National bans on parents slapping or spanking their children to punish them for bad behaviour are linked to lower rates of youth violence, reveals an international study published in the online journal BMJ Open. Countries that prohibit corporal punishment at […]

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Air pollution may be linked to heightened dementia risk

Associations found not explained by known influential factors Air pollution may be linked to a heightened risk of developing dementia, finds a London-based observational study, published in the online journal BMJ Open. The associations found couldn’t be explained by factors known to influence the risks of developing the condition, say the researchers. Air pollution is now […]

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Sugar content of most supermarket yogurts well above recommended threshold

Organic products, perceived as healthier options, among some of the worst offenders The sugar content of most types of yogurt is well above the recommended threshold, reveals an analysis of the nutrient content of available UK supermarket products, published in the online journal BMJ Open. And organic varieties, often viewed as healthier options, contain some of […]

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North-South chronic ‘pain divide’ evident in England

And clear geographical split in use of potentially addictive opioids England has a North-South ‘pain divide’, with a clear geographical split in the prevalence and intensity of chronic pain and the use of potentially addictive opioids for symptom relief, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open. Given the public health concerns associated with the […]

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Managerial support for depressed employees linked to fewer days off work

Findings bolster case for active mental health workplace policies, say researchers The provision of managerial support and help for employees with depression is linked to lower rates of workplace absenteeism, finds an international survey study of practice in 15 countries in different regions of the world, published in the online journal BMJ Open. The findings […]

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Unhealthy blood fat profile linked to greater odds of having only one or no kids

Findings might explain previously observed link between lower fertility and heart disease, say researchers An unhealthy blood fat (lipid) profile before pregnancy is linked to greater odds of having only one or no children, suggests an observational study published in the online journal BMJ Open. The findings might explain the previously observed association between lower […]

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Large gender imbalance in funding given for cancer research

Male researchers receive more than three times as much funding as female researchers Male researchers receive far greater funding for cancer research than their female equivalents, suggests a study published in the journal BMJ Open. Within the European Union (EU), women represent nearly half of the workforce and more than half of all university graduates, […]

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Moderate to severe mid-life anxiety may be linked to later life dementia

But it’s not clear whether active treatment might curb risk, say researchers Moderate to severe mid-life anxiety may be linked to dementia in later life, suggests an analysis of the available published evidence in the online journal BMJ Open. But as yet, it’s not clear whether active treatment could curb this risk, and whether non-drug […]

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Fetal exposure to moderate/high caffeine levels linked to excess childhood weight gain

Should mums-to-be cut out caffeine altogether, ask the researchers? Exposure to moderate to high caffeine levels while in the womb is linked to excess weight gain in early childhood, suggests a large observational study published in the online journal BMJ Open. The findings, which back general advice to limit caffeine intake while pregnant, prompt the […]

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