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Georg Röggla

The BMJ Today: Readmission rates and a second look at torture

10 Feb, 15 | by BMJ

georg_rogglaReadmission rates to hospitals are often used as markers for quality of care, although a consistent link between readmissions and quality has not been established.

Leora I Horwitz and colleagues conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study from 4651 US acute care hospitals. They found that standardised readmission rates are lowest in the lowest volume hospitals. This is highly interesting, and quite the opposite of the typical association of greater hospital volume with better outcomes. more…

The BMJ Today: Evacuation of children in World War II

7 Jan, 15 | by BMJ

georg_rogglaThe evacuation of civilians has been performed in many countries in times of war. The evacuation of civilians in Britain immediately after the outbreak of the Second World War was designed to save children from the risks associated with aerial bombing of cities by moving them to areas thought to be less at risk. Operation Pied Piper, which began on 1 September 1939, officially relocated more than 3.5 million people.

In Germany there was no large scale evacuation of civilians as there was in Britain. The German term used for the evacuation of children was Kinderlandverschickung, to avoid the term evacuation. more…

The BMJ Today: Mediterranean diets and infant mortality

3 Dec, 14 | by BMJ Group

georg_rogglaThe Nurses ’Health Studies are long term epidemiological studies conducted on women’s health. They are among the largest investigations into risk factors for major chronic diseases in women ever conducted. Marta Crous-Bou and co-workers have published a new and interesting finding from it. Greater adherence to Mediterranean diet was significantly associated with longer leukocyte telomere length, a marker of biological aging. These results further support the health benefits of adherence to Mediterranean diet.


The BMJ Today: Management of COPD

23 Sep, 14 | by BMJ

georg_roegglaChronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common diseases a GP has to manage in their daily routine. The BMJ has recently set a focus on COPD management.

Shawn D Aaron draws attention to the fact that patients with COPD are prone to acute respiratory exacerbations, with a possible detrimental effect on patients’ health status, in a state of the art review. Initial treatment is unsuccessful in about a quarter off all patients. The author addresses the benefits and many limitations of established COPD therapies. more…

The BMJ Today: Tranexamic acid and inferring significance of treatment effects

19 Aug, 14 | by BMJ

georg_roegglaTranexamic acid is a synthetic analog of the amino acid lysine. It is used to treat or prevent excessive blood loss during surgery and in various other medical conditions. An older analogue, epsilon aminocaproic acid, was temporarily withdrawn worldwide in 2007 after studies suggested that its use increased the risk of complications or death. Tranexamic acid, on the contrary, is considered to be a very promising drug. It is inexpensive and has been included in the WHO list of essential medicines.

Jashvant Poeran and colleagues have evaluated the effectiveness and safety of perioperative tranexamic acid use in patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty in the United States in a large retrospective cohort study, which includes 872 416 patients. They report that tranexamic acid was effective in reducing the need for blood transfusions, while not increasing the risk of complications, including thromboembolic events and renal failure. more…

The BMJ Today: Explaining telomeres

15 Jul, 14 | by BMJ

georg_roegglaTelomeres are getting a lot of attention at the moment. At the 64th Nobel laureate meeting in Lindau two weeks ago, Elizabeth Blackburn (who won the 2009 Nobel prize in medicine) drew my attention to the role of telomeres in the cellular aging process. more…

Georg Roeggla: Nobel laureates meet young scientists

10 Jul, 14 | by BMJ

georg_roegglaThe 64th meeting of Nobel laureates in the field of medicine and physiology ended on 4 July, 2014. Thirty seven Nobel laureates and more than 600 selected young scientists from 80 countries participated in this week in Lindau, Bavaria. The objective of this meeting was to bring Nobel laureates and young researchers together to exchange ideas. Therefore, the main focus was the discussions of the Nobel laureates with the assembled young scientists, and embedded into this were a variety of speeches on hot topics in international research. more…

Georg Röggla: Intensive care and emergency medicine in Brussels

17 Mar, 10 | by julietwalker

Georg RögglaMore than 5000 participants from about 90 countries all around the world took part at the 30th International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine in Brussels, Belgium from March 9th to March 12th, 2010.  The declared goal of this meeting was to celebrate 30 years of intensive care and emergency medicine and hopefully help plan the next 30 years. more…

Georg Röggla on a new and different perspective of dying

1 Mar, 10 | by BMJ

Georg RögglaI have seen many people die in the nearly three decades I have worked as a clinician. I was, however, confronted with a totally different perspective of dying while attending a symposium “noch mal leben/vivere ancora [to live again]”  on palliative care at the free university of Bozen/Bolzano in South Tyrol in Italy on February 29th, 2010. more…

Georg Röggla: on the new European Research Council president

25 Feb, 10 | by julietwalker

Georg RögglaThe European Research Council (ERC) unanimously elected Prof. Helga Nowotny, an eminent social scientist, as the new ERC President on February 19th, 2010. Helga Nowotny is currently the ERC’s vice-President. She is Professor emeritus of Social Studies of Science, ETH Zurich, and Chair of the Scientific Advisory Board of Vienna University. She is also a former research fellow of King’s College in Cambridge. She will take office on March 1st, 2010. more…

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