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nephrology

Q: Does nephrocalcinosis mean problems for neonates?

25 Jun, 08 | by Bob Phillips

USS of nephrocalcinosisWhat do you do if, accidentally, you scan the abdomen of a neonate and find nephrocalcinosis? Book them in for a transplant in a couple of years? Annual serum electrolytes, blood pressure & isotopic GFR measurement? Pretend you hadn’t seen it?

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Question: How to diagnose and treat pyelonephritis

28 Nov, 07 | by Bob Phillips

Renal USS - spot the bad oneIn children suspected of having a UTI, what clinical and radiological features diagnoses pylonephritis, and what mode of antibiotic treatment is necessary to produce clinical improvement and avoid chronic renal impairment?

With the publication of the NICE guidance in the UK on the management of UTI in childhood, many paediatricians have been spurred to review their understanding of the evidence underpinning certain aspects of the clinical pathway. more…

GnRH analogues to prevent ovarian failure?

22 Oct, 07 | by BMJ

Should gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue be administered to prevent premature ovarian failure in young women with systemic lupus erythematosus on cyclophosphamide therapy?
A 15 year old girl with acute renal failure was found to have class IV systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis on renal biopsy. A decision was taken to start her on the routine National Institute Health protocol of pulsed methyl-prednisolone and monthly intravenous cyclophosphamide (CYC) (0.5–1.0 g/m2 of body surface area). With her post pubertal status and the possibility of CYC induced gonadal toxicity, the question was raised as to whether she should be put on gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue ( GnRH-a ) therapy for ovarian protection.

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Latest from Archives of Disease in Childhood

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