New insights into 5α-reductase type 2 deficiency based on a multi-centre study: regional distribution and genotype–phenotype profiling of SRD5A2 in 190 Chinese patients

The 5α-reductase type 2 (5α-RD2) deficiency caused by mutations in the steroid 5α-reductase 2 (SRD5A2) gene results in variable degrees of undervirilization in patients with 46,XY disorders of sex development. Through a multi-center cooperative effort, 190 Chinese subjects diagnosed with 5α-RD2 deficiency were consecutively enrolled, representing the largest case number so far. Based on this, the study characterized in detail the phenotypic features of 5α-RD2 deficiency and the regional distribution of SRD5A2 mutations in Chinese population. Several variants were highly prevalent, with distinctive distribution patterns between North and South China, suggesting a putative founder gene effect in the population. Furthermore, thirteen novel variants of SRD5A2 were identified, further expanding its mutational spectrum. Additionally, genotype-phenotype correlation analysis provided critical evidence that different variants of SRD5A2 may be correlated with the expressivity of the disease. (By Baoheng Gui and Prof. Chunxiu Gong, )

Distribution of the enrolled subjects with 5α-Reductase-2 deficiency from multiple centers in China (Center 1 to Center 8)

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