Top 10 most read in November: maternal BMI and milk, sleep patterns and glaucoma, acupuncture and pregnancy, and coping strategies after cancer treatment

The number one spot in our top 10 monthly most-read chart has been retained by Zemedikun and colleagues. The authors’ analysis of chronic conditions that are associated with periodontal disease has impressively placed top of the most-read chart for the last four months. However, we also have four new entries into the top 10 most read during November.

Maternal BMI, milk composition and infant metabolism

In this protocol, Poulsen et al. present their plans to investigate if the maternal body mass index influences the human milk composition, infant metabolism and gut microbiome. They will study 200 mother–infant dyads stratified by maternal BMI The authors will use multiomics analyses including metabolomics, proteomics, glycomics and microbiomics to characterise maternal milk and the composition to infant gut microbiota along with its metabolic impact in the infant. The study is expected to complete in 2028.

Sleeping patterns and the risk of glaucoma

In this prospective cohort study, the authors Sun et al. used data from 409,053 participants in the UK Biobank to understand the association between sleep behaviours and glaucoma. The authors collected self-reported data on five sleep behaviours using a questionnaire and identified glaucoma as ‘any hospital admission with a diagnosis of glaucoma’, based on UK Biobank inpatient hospital data. Snoring, daytime sleepiness, insomnia and short/long sleep duration, individually or jointly, were all associated with the risk of glaucoma compared with patients who had a healthy sleep pattern.

Treating lower back and pelvic pain during pregnancy with acupuncture

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, Yang and their colleagues examined four databases for relevant randomised controlled trials on the effects of acupuncture on lower back and/or pelvic pain during the pregnancy. The meta-analysis included ten studies and found acupuncture significantly improved pain, functional status and quality of life in women with lower back and/or pelvic pain during pregnancy. This study also assessed the safety of acupuncture in pregnancy and found no severe adverse effects, but two studies did report preterm birth.

Sexual experiences and coping strategies after gynaecological cancer treatment

In this phenomenological qualitative study, Hundie and their colleagues explored women’s sexual experiences and coping strategies for sexual problems after gynaecological cancer treatment at an Ethiopian hospital. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with thirteen patients and followed a thematic analysis of their answers. From the analysis of individual interview data, the authors found four main themes, including treatment side effects, sexual issues following radiation therapy, lack of awareness and coping strategies for sexual dysfunction.

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Rank* Author(s) Title
1 Zemedikun et al. Burden of chronic diseases associated with periodontal diseases: a retrospective cohort study using UK primary care data
2 Poulsen et al. Influence of maternal body mass index on human milk composition and associations to infant metabolism and gut colonisation: MAINHEALTH – a study protocol for an observational birth cohort
3  Sun et al. Association of sleep behaviour and pattern with the risk of glaucoma: a prospective cohort study in the UK Biobank
4  Yang et al. Acupuncture for low back and/or pelvic pain during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
5  Kiely et al. Effect of social prescribing link workers on health outcomes and costs for adults in primary care and community settings: a systematic review
6 van der Meulen et al. Association between use of systemic and inhaled glucocorticoids and changes in brain volume and white matter microstructure: a cross-sectional study using data from the UK Biobank
7 Hundie et al. Ethiopian womens sexual experiences and coping strategies for sexual problems after gynaecological cancer treatment: a qualitative study
8 Burns et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis to examine intrapartum interventions, and maternal and neonatal outcomes following immersion in water during labour and waterbirth
9 Osanlou et al. Adverse drug reactions, multimorbidity and polypharmacy: a prospective analysis of 1 month of medical admissions
10 Bergeron-Boucher et al. Probability of males to outlive females: an international comparison from 1751 to 2020

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