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Reading List

Special online issue of Injury Prevention

25 Mar, 15 | by Barry Pless

In a recent email, the editor of Injury Prevention, Brian Johnston, announced that in recognition of the Journal’s 20th Anniversary a special online issue was available. This features “some of the best papers in global injury prevention” that ordinarily would have been presented at the Safety 2014: the World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion. Unfortunately, the Conference, scheduled to convene in Atlanta last year, was cancelled for various reasons known only to a few. As Brian notes, despite what some have written about the value of such conferences, these biennial meetings provide an excellent “opportunity for members of our disparate community to meet one another and share ideas, often informally. Apart from Brian’s editorial, the issue includes an assessment by WHO’s injury leader, Etienne Krug of the state of the discipline from a world-wide perspective. Please note that the content of the special issue will only be free to read online through the end of April.


To make life simpler for our readers, here is a list of the contents:



 Safety 2014: global highlights in injury prevention B D Johnston

 Next steps to advance injury and violence prevention EGKrug

Original articles

Costs of traffic injuries M Kruse

Rates of intentionally caused and road crash deaths of US citizens abroad M K Sherry, M Mossallam, M Mulligan, A A Hyder, D Bishai

Bus stops and pedestrian–motor vehicle collisions in Lima, Peru: a matched case–control study
D A Quistberg, T D Koepsell, B D Johnston, L N Boyle, J J Miranda, B E Ebel

The association of graduated driver licensing with miles driven and fatal crash rates per miles driven among adolescents M Zhu, P Cummings, S Zhao, JHCoben,GSSmith

Official blame for drivers with very low blood alcohol content: there is no safe combination of drinking and driving D P Phillips, A L R Sousa, R T Moshfegh

Extending the value of police crash reports for traffic safety research: collecting supplemental data via surveys of drivers D R Durbin, R K Myers, A E Curry, M R Zonfrillo, K B Arbogast

Unintentional drowning mortality, by age and body of water: an analysis of 60 countries C-Y Lin, Y-F Wang, T-H Lu, I Kawach

Children reporting rescuing other children drowning in rural Bangladesh: a descriptive study T S Mecrow, A Rahman, M Linnan, J Scarr, S R Mashreky, A Talab, AKMFRahman

Socioeconomic and disability consequences of injuries in the Sudan: a community-based survey in Khartoum State S E Tayeb, S Abdalla, I Heuch, G V den Bergh

Supervision and risk of unintentional injury in young children P G Schnitzer, M D Dowd, R L Kruse,
B A Morrongiello

Incidence, characteristics and risk factors for household and neighbourhood injury among young children in semiurban Ghana: a population-based household survey A Gyedu, E K Nakua, E Otupiri, C Mock, P Donkor, B Ebel

Risk of fatal unintentional injuries in children by migration status: a nationwide cohort study with 46 years’ follow-up N Karimi, O Beiki, R Mohammadi

Occupational noise exposure and noise-induced hearing loss are associated with work-related injuries leading to admission to hospital S-A Girard, T Leroux, M Courteau, M Picard, F Turcotte, O Richer

Deaths due to injury, including violence among married Nepali women of childbearing age: a qualitative analysis of verbal autopsy narratives K T Houston, P J Surkan, J Katz, K P West Jr, S C LeClerq, P Christian, L Wu, SMDali,SKKhatry

Sexual violence experienced by male and female Chinese college students in Guangzhou C Wang,
X Dong, J Yang, M Ramirez, G Chi, C Peek-Asa, S Wang

Brief reports

The implications of the relative risk for road mortality on road safety programmes in Qatar R J Consunji,
R R Peralta, H Al-Thani, R Latifi

Seatbelt and child-restraint use in Kazakhstan: attitudes and behaviours of medical university students
Z S Nugmanova, G Ussatayeva, L-A McNutt

Are national injury prevention and research efforts matching the distribution of injuries across sectors? H Jaldell, L Ryen, B Sund, R Andersson

Firearms and suicide in US cities M Miller, M Warren, D Hemenway, D Azrael


How well do principal diagnosis classifications predict disability 12 months postinjury? B J Gabbe,
P M Simpson, R A Lyons, S Polinder, F P Rivara, S Ameratunga, S Derrett, J Haagsma, J E Harrison

Counting injury deaths: a comparison of two definitions and two countries T-H Lu, A Hsiao, P-C Chang,
Y-C Chao, C-C Hsu, H-C Peng, L-H Chen, I Kawachi

Assessing the accuracy of the International Classification of Diseases codes to identify abusive head trauma:
a feasibility study R P Berger, S Parks, J Fromkin, P Rubin, P J Pecora

Systematic reviews

An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share P Schepers, N Agerholm, E Amoros, R Benington, T Bjørnskau, S Dhondt, B de Geus, C Hagemeister, BPYLoo,ANiska

Inequalities in unintentional injuries between indigenous and non-indigenous children: a systematic review
H Möller, K Falster, R Ivers, L Jorm


Textbooks for Injury Prevention?

9 Nov, 12 | by Brian Johnston

Like most disciplines, injury prevention has a small library of books devoted to the subject. I am interested in which of those books we use to teach injury epidemiology and injury prevention practice.

Of course, there are a number of titles out there that appeal to a non-technical audience. David Hemenway’s While We Were Sleeping: Success Stories in Injury and Violence Prevention (2009) is a great example that deserves to be read by students in every field of public health, not just injury, and indeed is a great resource to hand to friends or family members who wonder what, exactly, you do for a living. Tom Vanderbilt’s Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (2009) is a provocative look at some aspects of safety issues on the roads and Ian Roberts puts everything – injury, obesity and climatye change – into a much bigger context with The Energy Glut: Climate Change and the Politics of Fatness (2010)

But, I am wondering what textbooks you use (or have used) in your courses? Have our digitally literate students moved beyond the need for bound volumes that serve, in effect, to simply pull together “chapters” each written by a different author and each of which might stand alone as a published review paper?  Or is there something to be said for a didactic tome, written or carefully edited by a single author, organized around pedagogical principles and optimized for use as the backbone of classroom instruction?

Judging by the titles that are sent to the journal for review, I must assume that publishers still see a market for textbooks in our niche discipline. In the last year or so, we’ve seen:

  • Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches by Guohua Li and Susan P. Baker (2012)
  • Injury Prevention for Children and Adolescents: Research, Practice, and Advocacy, 2nd Edition by Karen DeSafey Liller (2012)
  • Injury Prevention in Children: A Primer for Students and Practitioners by David Stone (2011)
  • Sports Injury Research by Evert Verhagen and Willem van Mechelen (2010)

Add to these, the list of foundational texts in our field, and there are suddenly quite a number from which to choose:

  • Injury Control: A Guide to Research and Program Evaluation by Frederick P. Rivara, Peter Cummings, Thomas D. Koepsell and David C. Grossman
  • Injury Prevention: An International Perspective: Epidemiology, Surveillance, and Policy by Peter Barss, Gordon S. Smith, Susan P. Baker and Dinesh Mohan
  • Injury Injury Prevention And Public Health: Practical Knowledge, Skills, And Strategies by Tom Christoffel and Susan Gallagher
  • Injury and Violence Prevention: Behavioral Science Theories, Methods, and Applications by Andrea Carlson Gielen, David A. Sleet and Ralph J. DiClemente
  • Injury Epidemiology: Research and Control Strategies by Leon S. Robertson
  • Traffic Safety by Leonard Evans

So, what do you think? If there is still a place for the textbook in injury education, which one do you use? What others did you consider? What makes the text successful and what would you change if you could?

Additions to the list above and comments are, of course, encouraged.

Best twitter feeds for injury prevention?

4 Apr, 12 | by Brian Johnston

Those of you who have found and read our blog likely also know that Injury Prevention has a twitter feed. We use twitter to call attention to papers in the journal, to news from the BMJ Group of general interest to authors in biomedical fields and to interesting observations, events and data from the broader community. If you haven’t already done so, please follow @IPJournal_BMJ

If you haven’t ventured into twitter you’re missing out on a convenient and efficient way to micro blog about your papers, conferences, ideas and interests whilst simultaneously following others. As is often the case, those of us in healthcare and public health are well behind our colleagues in industry in learning about the strategic use of twitter to shape opinion, promote content and keep our audience engaged. But there are plenty of creative minds working to change that. For example, enterprising junior doctors in the UK have used the medium to conduct a fortnightly “twitter journal club” with remarkable success:


But who should you follow if you’re interested in injury prevention and safety promotion? Below is a short list based on my rambling searches …  I invite you to comment with your own favorites.


@safetymd – Flaura Winston

@CarolineFinch – Caroline Finch

@margiepeden – Margie Peden

@rebeccaivers – Rebecca Ivers

@trished – Trish Groves, deputy editor BMJ

Research Centres

@HIPRC – Harborview Injury Prevention Research  Center

@JohnsHpkinsCIRP – Johns Hopkins Injury Center


@georgeinstitute – George Institute

@RTIRN – RTIRN Secretariat

@TRBofNA – Transportation Research Board

Other Organizations

@WHOviolencenews – WHO violence news

@safekidsworld – SafeKids Worldwide

@UNICEFInnocenti – UNICEF Innocenti

@CAPTcharity – CAPT

@NSCsafety– National Safety Council


@Make_Roads_Safe – Decade of Action on Road Safety

@Safety2012 – Safety 2012


@IPJournal_BMJ – Injury Prevention

@bmj_latest – BMJ

@TheLancet – Lancet

@PublicHealth – AJPH

What are the Injury Prevention classics?

25 Oct, 10 | by Brian Johnston

What are the “must read” classic papers in the filed of injury prevention? To which papers to you find yourself turning most frequently or citing most heavily? Can you identify papers that were, methodologically groundbreaking or important in setting the paradigm of our field?

As part of a training seminar for an injury research fellowship, we are encouraging our fellows to read some classic papers in injury prevention research.

We have, of course, started with the list of “injury classics” reprinted in Injury Prevention in the late 1990s. These include:

Accidents among children under two years of age in Great Britain, 1950
G Rowntree
Inj Prev 1998;4:69-76 doi:10.1136/ip.4.1.69

Mechanical analysis of survival in falls from heights of fifty to one hundred and fifty feet, 1957
Hugh De Haven
Inj Prev 2000;6:62-68 doi:10.1136/ip.6.1.62-b

Social patterns of road accidents to children: some characteristics of vulnerable families, 1959
E. M. Backett, A. M. Johnston
Inj Prev 1997;3:57-62 doi:10.1136/ip.3.1.57

Home accidents in childhood. 1959.
R. J. Haggerty
Inj Prev 1996;2:290-298 doi:10.1136/ip.2.4.290

Theory and methods of epidemiologic study of home accidents. 1963.
R. A. Stallones
Inj Prev 1996;2:55-60 doi:10.1136/ip.2.1.55

Personality characteristics of the child accident repeater, 1967
Dean I Manheimer, Glen D Mellinger
Inj Prev 1997;3:135-143 doi:10.1136/ip.3.2.135

The changing approach to the epidemiology, prevention, and amelioration of trauma: the transition to approaches etiologically rather than descriptively based, 1968
William Haddon, Jr
Inj Prev 1999;5:231-235 doi:10.1136/ip.5.3.231

Young children in traffic. 1970.
S. Sandels
Inj Prev 1995;1:112-115 doi:10.1136/ip.1.2.112

Bicycle ownership, use, and injury patterns among elementary schoolchildren, 1971
Julian A Waller
Inj Prev 1995;1:256-261 doi:10.1136/ip.1.4.256

Energy damage and the 10 countermeasure strategies. 1973.
W. Haddon, Jr
Inj Prev 1995;1:40-44 doi:10.1136/ip.1.1.40

The exposure of young children to accident risk as pedestrians. 1974
D. A. Routledge, R. Repetto-Wright, C. I. Howarth
Inj Prev 1996;2:150-161 doi:10.1136/ip.2.2.150

Probability of arrest while driving under the influence of alcohol, 1975
George A Beitel, Michael C Sharp, William D Glauz
Inj Prev 2000;6:158-161 doi:10.1136/ip.6.2.158

Observed child restraint use in automobiles, 1976
Allan F Williams
Inj Prev 1998;4:155-160 doi:10.1136/ip.4.2.155

Swimming pool immersion accidents: an analysis from the Brisbane Drowning Study. 1977
John H Pearn, James Nixon
Inj Prev 1997;3:307-309 doi:10.1136/ip.3.4.307

Tap water scald burns in children, 1977
Kenneth W Feldman, Robert T Schaller, Janen A Feldman, Mollie McMillon
Inj Prev 1998;4:238-242 doi:10.1136/ip.4.3.238

Handguns as a pediatric problem, 1986
Katherine K Christoffel, Tom Christoffel
Inj Prev 1999;5:151-156 doi:10.1136/ip.5.2.151

But we are also looking for the “classics” that did not make this list. Are there more papers in violence prevention? In community interventions? In prevention as a global health issue?

What about these “highly cited” papers: are they also injury classics?

The incidence of injuries among 87,000 Massachusetts children and adolescents: results of the 1980-81 Statewide Childhood Injury Prevention Program Surveillance System.
Gallagher SS, Finison K, Guyer B, Goodenough S.
Am J Public Health. 1984 Dec;74(12):1340-7.

Childhood injury prevention counseling in primary care settings: a critical review of the literature.
Bass JL, Christoffel KK, Widome M, Boyle W, Scheidt P, Stanwick R, Roberts K.
Pediatrics. 1993 Oct;92(4):544-50.

The impact of the Safe Kids/Healthy Neighborhoods Injury Prevention Program in Harlem, 1988 through 1991.
Davidson LL, Durkin MS, Kuhn L, O’Connor P, Barlow B, Heagarty MC.
Am J Public Health. 1994 Apr;84(4):580-6.

Low-income neighborhoods and the risk of severe pediatric injury: a small-area analysis in northern Manhattan.
Durkin MS, Davidson LL, Kuhn L, O’Connor P, Barlow B.
Am J Public Health. 1994 Apr;84(4):587-92.

Bicycle helmet use among Maryland children: effect of legislation and education.
Coté TR, Sacks JJ, Lambert-Huber DA, Dannenberg AL, Kresnow MJ, Lipsitz CM, Schmidt ER.
Pediatrics. 1992 Jun;89(6 Pt 2):1216-20.

Injuries in high-risk persons and high-risk sports. A longitudinal study of 1818 school children.
Backx FJ, Beijer HJ, Bol E, Erich WB.
Am J Sports Med. 1991 Mar-Apr;19(2):124-30.

Please comment below to register your thoughts about these selections or to suggest new “classics” for this list.

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